Classification of Cars – Automobile Gyaan

Classification of cars is based on length of the car and the shape of the body defines the type. This autogyaan will help you to compare and identify similar cars and helps identify other similar vehicles for you to compare against, to help make the car-buying process much easier.

Classification of cars based on shape

Classification of Cars - Hatchback

Hatchback Small car in two-box design. Separate engine and passenger compartment with an integrated cargo space which is accessible through an additional door at the rear.



Classification of Cars - Sedan


Sedan/Saloon – Three-box design. Separate engine, passenger and an extended cargo space



Classification of Cars - SUV



SUV – Sports Utility Vehicle is a rugged automotive vehicle with a combined passenger and luggage compartment. Have large tyres, high ground clearance and off-roading capabilities with 4 wheel drive option.


Classification of Cars - Station Wagon



Estate/Station Wagon – Similar to a hatchback with a two-box design but offer more luggage space. The roof line continues to extend past the rear doors


Classification of cars - VAN


Van – One box design. Engine, passenger & luggage area all in one box.



Classification of cars in India according to SIAM

Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers (SIAM) classifies cars according to body style, length and engine size.

GROUP Segment Length (mm) Engine Displacement (Litre)
(Includes Cars like Hatchbacks, Sedans, Estates, Notchbacks, Coupes & Roadsters)
Micro <3200 Upto 0.8
Mini <3600 Upto 1.0
Compact 3600 to 4000 Upto 1.4
Super Compact 4000 to 4250 Upto 1.6
Mid Size 4250 to 4500 Upto 1.6
Executive 4500 to 4700 Upto 2
Premium 4700 to 5000 Upto 3
Luxury > 5000 Upto 5
Coupe/ Roadster N.A N.A
GROUP Segment Length (mm) Price
(Includes Utility Vehicles, Multi Utility Vehicles and Sports Utility Vehicles
UV 1 <4400, up to Rs. 15 lakhs
UV 2 4400-4700 up to Rs. 15 lakhs
UV 3 >4700 up to Rs. 15 lakhs
UV 4 >4700 Between Rs. 15 to 25 lakhs
UV 5 >4700 Above Rs. 25 lakhs
(Includes Vans – Hard Tops & Soft Tops)
V1 Hard Top Vans Upto 10 Lakhs
V2 Soft Top Vans Upto 10 Lakhs



  • Great Post!! Really helpful to understand for a layman! Thanks!

  • Leave a Reply

    This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.